Adaptive Radiation (divergent evolution) | The evolution of a single ancestral organism that gives rise to a number of populations adapted to particular habitats. Eventually each population adapts to its environment and differs enough from its ancestor to be classified as a new species. e.g. Australian marsupials evolved from a single ancestor and adapted into carnivores, herbivores burrowers or fliers. Darwin’s Finches are a classic example of adaptive radiation and provided crucial evidence for his theory of evolution by means of natural selection.
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