A Level Biology - T-Cells and Antigens

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T-Cells and Antigens A3 Poster PDF for A Level Biology
 

A Level Biology - Phagocytosis

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Phagocytosis A3 Poster PDF for A Level Biology
 

A Level Biology -

The Role of T-Cells in the Immune System Response

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The Role of T-Cells in the immune system response A3 Poster PDF for A Level Biology
 

A Level Biology - The Role of B-Cells in the Immune System Response

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The Role of B-Cells in the Immune System Response A3 Poster PDF for A Level Biology
 

A Level Biology - The Immune System: Antibody Structure and Function

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The Structure and Function of Antibodies A3 Poster PDF for A Level Biology

A Level Biology - The use of Antibodies in Medicine:

The ELISA Test

 

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The use of antibodies in the ELISA test A3 Poster PDF for A Level Biology
 
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AQA A Level Biology Specification Reference: - 3.2.4 Cell recognition and the immune system. Each type of cell has specific molecules on its surface that identify it. These molecules include proteins and enable the immune system to identify: - Pathogens; cells from other organisms of the same species; abnormal body cells; toxins. Definition of antigen. The role of helper T cells.

The use of antibodies in the ELISA test.

 

CIE A Level Biology Specification Reference: - 11 Immunity: An understanding of the immune system shows how cells and molecules function together to protect the body against infectious diseases and how the body is protected from further infection by the same pathogen. Phagocytosis is a more immediate non-specific part of the immune system, while the actions of lymphocytes provide effective defence against specific pathogens. Candidates will be expected to use the knowledge gained in this section to solve problems in familiar and unfamiliar contexts. Describe the modes of action of B-lymphocytes and T-lymphocytes. Relate the molecular structure of antibodies to their functions. Explain the meaning of the term immune response, making reference to the terms antigen, self and non-self.

 

Edexcel A Level Biology (Biology A – Salters-Nuffield) Specification Reference: - Topic 6: Immunity, Infection and Forensics. 6.7 Understand the non-specific responses of the body to infection, including inflammation, lysozyme action, interferon, and phagocytosis. 6.8 Understand the roles of antigens and antibodies in the body’s immune response. 6.9 Understand the differences between the roles of B cells (B memory and B effector cells) and T cells (T helper, T killer and T memory cells) in the body’s immune response.

Edexcel A Level Biology (Biology B) Specification Reference: - Topic 6: Microbiology and Pathogens. 6.2 Bacteria as pathogens i Understand that bacteria can be agents of infection, invading and destroying host tissues and producing toxins. 6.7 Response to infection: ii Understand the development of the humoral immune response, including the role of: Antigen presenting T cells, T helper cells and cytokines. Antibodies. iii Understand the development of the cell-mediated immune response including the role of: Antigen presenting cells T helper cells and T killer cells.

 

OCR A Level Biology (Biology A) Specification Reference: - 4.1 Communicable diseases, disease prevention and the immune system.

 

OCR A Level Biology (Biology B) Specification Reference: - 3.2 Pathogens, immunity and disease control, 3.2.2 The immune system. T helper cells, T killer cells. Non-specific immune responses to include phagocytosis and inflammation. Definition: Antigen.

 

WJEC A Level Biology Specification Reference: - Immunology and Disease: Learners should be able to demonstrate and apply their knowledge and understanding of: (a) the meaning of the following terms: pathogenic, infectious, carrier, disease reservoir, endemic, epidemic, pandemic, vaccine, antibiotic, antigen, antibody, resistance, vector, toxin, antigenic types.

★ AQA Specification Reference: - Cell recognition and the immune system. Phagocytosis of pathogens. The subsequent destruction of ingested pathogens by lysozymes. The formation of an antigen-antibody complex, leading to the destruction of the antigen, limited to agglutination and phagocytosis of bacterial cells.

 

CIE Specification Reference: - The immune system: Phagocytosis is a more immediate non-specific part of the immune system, while the actions of lymphocytes provide effective defence against specific pathogens. state that phagocytes (macrophages and neutrophils) have their origin in bone marrow and describe their mode of action. 

 

Edexcel (Biology A – Salters-Nuffield) Specification Reference: - Topic 6: Immunity, Infection and Forensics: 6.7 Understand the non-specific responses of the body to infection, including inflammation, lysozyme action, interferon, and phagocytosis.

 

Edexcel (Biology B) Specification Reference: - Topic 6: Microbiology and Pathogens: Response to infection. Understand that bacteria can be agents of infection, invading and destroying host tissues and producing toxins. ii Understand that pathogenic effects can be produced by exotoxins (Staphylococcus spp.), endotoxins (Salmonella spp.) and invasion of host tissue (Mycobacterium tuberculosis). 6.7 Response to infection - Understand the development of the cell-mediated immune response. Understand the role of T and B memory cells in the secondary immune response. 

 

OCR (Biology A) Specification Reference: - 4.1 Communicable diseases, disease prevention and the immune system. Different types of pathogen e.g. bacteria – tuberculosis (TB), Viruses – HIV/AIDS (human). The structure and mode of action of phagocytes.

 

OCR (Biology B) Specification Reference: - 3.2.2 The immune system. the mode of action of phagocytes - non-specific immune responses to include phagocytosis and inflammation. To include the roles of cytokines, opsonins, phagosomes and lysosomes.

 

WJEC Specification Reference: - Core Concepts 3. Cell membranes and transport - Cell membranes are essential in the control of the movement of substances into and out of the cell. They also play a vital role in cell recognition. (c) the following transport mechanisms: diffusion and factors affecting the rate of diffusion; osmosis and water potential; pinocytosis; facilitated diffusion; phagocytosis; secretion (exocytosis); active transport and the influence of cyanide.

AQA A Level Biology Specification Reference: - 3.2.4 Cell recognition and the immune system. Each type of cell has specific molecules on its surface that identify it. These molecules include proteins and enable the immune system to identify: - The role of B cells.

 

CIE A Level Biology Specification Reference: - 11 Immunity: An understanding of the immune system shows how cells and molecules function together to protect the body against infectious diseases and how the body is protected from further infection by the same pathogen. Phagocytosis is a more immediate non-specific part of the immune system, while the actions of lymphocytes provide effective defence against specific pathogens. Candidates will be expected to use the knowledge gained in this section to solve problems in familiar and unfamiliar contexts. Describe the modes of action of B-lymphocytes and T-lymphocytes. Relate the molecular structure of antibodies to their functions. Explain the meaning of the term immune response, making reference to the terms antigen, self and non-self.

 

Edexcel A Level Biology (Biology A – Salters-Nuffield) Specification Reference: - Topic 6: Immunity, Infection and Forensics. 6.7 Understand the non-specific responses of the body to infection, including inflammation, lysozyme action, interferon, and phagocytosis. 6.8 Understand the roles of antigens and antibodies in the body’s immune response. 6.9 Understand the differences between the roles of B cells (B memory and B effector cells) and T cells (T helper, T killer and T memory cells) in the body’s immune response.

Edexcel A Level Biology (Biology B) Specification Reference: - Topic 6: Microbiology and Pathogens. 6.2 Bacteria as pathogens i Understand that bacteria can be agents of infection, invading and destroying host tissues and producing toxins. 6.7 Response to infection: ii Understand the development of the humoral immune response, including the role of: Antigen presenting T cells, T helper cells and cytokines. Antibodies. iii Understand the development of the cell-mediated immune response including the role of: Antigen presenting cells T helper cells and T killer cells.

OCR A Level Biology (Biology A) Specification Reference: - 4.1 Communicable diseases, disease prevention and the immune system. Different roles and modes of action of B and T lymphocytes in the specific immune response. The primary and secondary immune responses - To include T memory cells and B memory cells. To include the significance of cell signalling (reference to interleukins), clonal selection and clonal expansion, plasma cells, T helper cells, T killer cells and T regulator cells.

 

OCR A Level Biology (Biology B) Specification Reference: - 3.2 Pathogens, immunity and disease control, 3.2.2 The immune system. B cells.

 

WJEC A Level Biology Specification Reference: - Immunology and Disease - the role of T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes in cell-mediated and humoral immune responses

AQA A Level Biology Specification Reference: - 3.2.4 Cell recognition and the immune system. Definition of antibody. Antibody structure. The formation of an antigen-antibody complex, leading to the destruction of the antigen, limited to agglutination and phagocytosis of bacterial cells.

 

CIE A Level Biology Specification Reference: - 11 Immunity: An understanding of the immune system shows how cells and molecules function together to protect the body against infectious diseases and how the body is protected from further infection by the same pathogen. Relate the molecular structure of antibodies to their functions.

 

Edexcel A Level Biology (Biology A – Salters-Nuffield) Specification Reference: - Topic 6: Immunity, Infection and Forensics. 6.7 Understand the non-specific responses of the body to infection, including inflammation, lysozyme action, interferon, and phagocytosis. 6.8 Understand the roles of antigens and antibodies in the body’s immune response. 6.9 Understand the differences between the roles of B cells (B memory and B effector cells) and T cells (T helper, T killer and T memory cells) in the body’s immune response.

Edexcel A Level Biology (Biology B) Specification Reference: - Topic 6: Microbiology and Pathogens. 6.2 Bacteria as pathogens i Understand that bacteria can be agents of infection, invading and destroying host tissues and producing toxins. 6.7 Response to infection: ii Understand the development of the humoral immune response, including the role of: Antigen presenting T cells, T helper cells and cytokines. Antibodies. iii Understand the development of the cell-mediated immune response including the role of: Antigen presenting cells T helper cells and T killer cells.

 

OCR A Level Biology (Biology A) Specification Reference: - 4.1 Communicable diseases, disease prevention and the immune system. The structure and general functions of antibodies - To include the general protein structure of an antibody molecule. An outline of the action of opsonins, agglutinins and anti-toxins.

 

OCR A Level Biology (Biology B) Specification Reference: - 3.2 Pathogens, immunity and disease control, 3.2.2 The immune system. The structure and general function(s) of antibodies. To include descriptions of antibody structure from diagrams AND an outline of the action of opsonins and agglutinins.

 

WJEC A Level Biology Specification Reference: - Immunology and Disease.  Learners should be able to demonstrate and apply their knowledge and understanding of: Antibody.

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